The present study underscores the investigation on prevalence of tick-borne pathogens of cattle both from hosts as well vectors from this part of India by conventional blood smear examination and through molecular techniques. A total of 1,153 cattle belonging to different age groups, breeds, sex were screened during the period from April, 2020 to March, 2021. Blood smear examination as well as PCR assay were followed to detect tick-borne pathogens in collected samples. The tick species recorded were Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum and Haemaphysalis leachi leachi .Overall prevalence of tick-borne pathogens was recorded as 33.30%. Mixed infection with Theileria sp. and Anaplasma sp. was found highest among infected cattle followed by single infection of Anaplasma sp. And Theileria sp. A few samples were only found to be positive for Babesia sp. infection. Significantly higher rate of infection was observed in the female animals. Species-specific PCR revealed different tick-borne pathogens species viz. Babesia bigemina, Theileria orientalis, Theileria annulata, Anaplasma marginale, Anaplasma central and Anaplasma bovis in cattle. Isolated DNA samples from blood and ticks were found positive for Coxiella burnetii and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato by PCR assay, albeit at very low percentage. The results clearly indicate that vector-borne haemoprotozoa and rickettsia are prevalent in the study area in apparently healthy animals without showing any obvious symptoms and R.(B.)microplus tick has an endosymbiotic relationship with C. burnetii and B. burgdorferi sensu lato.
The paper presents the elucidation of the concept of migration and theories describing the process of migration, determines the issue of openness to immigration and presents its theoretical explanation. The factors determining the attitude towards immigration and immigrants are examined by dividing the factors into the main groups of economic and social-cultural factors. Analysis of immigration trends in Lithuania is presented. The paper aims to develop theoretical framework for assessment of employer openness to immigrants by revealing the main factors determining the attitudes of employers to labour immigrants and apply this framework in order to determine whether it is possible to integrate labour immigrants into the labour market in Lithuania.
This article has received the considerable critical attention that seeking to enhance sustainability disclosure may essentially make progress firms’ market valuation. It aims to provide the corporate sustainability disclosure level organized according to the “7+1” core subjects of ISO 26000 and then set out to assess the effectiveness of sustainability reporting on the listed firms’ market valuation during the period 2010-2015. To achieve this objective, data were collected from a sample of 98 Iranian listed firms at the Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE) and generalized method of moments (GMM) approach was conducted for a dynamic panel data to evaluate the effect of the sustainability reporting level on the listed firms’ market valuation. As can be seen from the results, the overall extent of sustainability disclosure arranged in accordance with the low rate of sustainability reporting for listed firms in TSE. It was also found that the sensitive firms have a greater level of corporate sustainability disclosure than the other firms. Moreover, sustainability reporting has been shown to be related to market valuations in which firms activating in sensitive industries environmentally with sustainability reporting had higher market valuations than firms activating in non-sensitive industries with sustainability reporting. Our “7+1” sustainability disclosure practice aspects all together with their basic measurement items can be applied as a checklist for assessing how well sustainability disclosure practices are performed at TSE.
Data are important to assist decision-making in relation to achieve the organization goal. However, the trustworthiness of organization data in achieving the organization goal is questioned because of the vast amount of organization data. The aim of this paper is to propose a modeling concept in an effort to develop an ontology model and metric model in the context of the organization goals conformance. In this paper, we propose these models as a tool to evaluate the organization data and it conformance in order to support managerial decision-making and thereby assist the organization to achieve its goals. We suggest that these models are important in an effort to evaluate the quality and relevant organization data. At the mean time, these models are important in measuring the extent that organization data are consistent with the organization goal. Ontology is important to improve understanding of the organization goal structure and relationship. We apply a case study to evaluate our organization goal ontology and metric model. The result shows that the organization goal relationships are connected based on ontology.
We review the literature research on organization modelling and ontology development as an effort to evaluate organization data using a metric in relation to achieve the organization goal. We suggest that this metric is very important to evaluate the organization data in relation to the organization goal. In order to achieve this purpose, we develop a concept for organizing the literature based on the organization goal model. We present a summary of the past literature on the limitation of approach and issue, and then discuss findings of this literature categorized based on organization goal models, ontology models and metric models. Previous studies explored the adoption of various approaches on organization goal modelling. However, there is little research on developing the organization goal model based on ontology, particularly in evaluating the organization data. Based on this review, we suggest a conclusion relating to the development of the organization goal ontology, including gap, setting and approach.
Actualmente la Genética ocupa un papel central en la comprensión de los procesos biológicos. De manera recurrente los conocimientos genéticos auxilian a las disciplinas biológicas en la explicación de los fenómenos que ellas estudian. Al mismo tiempo la Genética se nutre de esas ramas para explicar la acción de los genes en los diferentes niveles de organización de la materia biológica. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo defender una perspectiva más integradora en la enseñanza de la Genética al estudiar los caracteres mendelianos. Tradicionalmente, los “Principios Mendelianos de la Herencia” se imparten, en la asignatura Genética Clásica, con un enfoque absolutamente histórico. Sin embargo, hoy día, se conocen aspectos genético-moleculares de los caracteres mendelianos que, de ser incluidos en la impartición de este tema, contribuirían a una formación más integral de los especialistas. A través de ejemplos concretos se propone el modo de hacer factible el objetivo planteado. Esta ponencia fundamenta la necesidad de un enfoque sistémico que tribute, en la enseñanza de esta disciplina, a la representación más consecuente del papel de los genes en un contexto biológico estructurado en multiniveles de complejidad jerárquica. Así mismo, se enfatiza la necesidad de integrar conocimientos del nivel organismo con los de nivel celular y molecular, como herramienta imprescindible para el análisis genético moderno.
Increasing using internet and cyberspace as well as performing many commercial activities around the world led to legal consideration of these issues. Forming of juridical-legal issues, which need desired responses of jurists, is among achievements of cyber transactions. Jurists have presented some issues about commerce traditionally including contracts formation, selling contract, optional contract, and etc. the main objective of the present study has been assessing cyber transactions, based on Iranian law and jurisprudence. The study has applied library studies and related books or papers in this regard, for legal and juridical assessment of it. The paper has been considered descriptive analysis of juridical issues of transactions legal issues of cyber transactions and E-commerce, in addition to introducing E-commerce and cyber transactions.
Underwater Remotely Operate Vehicles (ROVs) were introduced to the college of engineering at the University of Hail (UoH) through the participation of the university?s engineering research group in the Marine Advanced Technology Education (MATE) competition in 2013. The outcome of the participation was an underwater robot named Saudi ROV, which was designed and manufactured at UoH and funded by the university?s research budget. The purpose of this study is to utilize a 3D-CAD SolidWorks model for Saudi ROV robot in engineering education at UoH. The methodology of this study utilizes Kolb?s experiential learning model to facilitate underwater ROV robotics learning using 3D-CAD SolidWorks in the college of engineering at UoH. Students utilized 3D-CAD SolidWorks to simulate, evaluate and assemble ROV PVC structure and to manipulate ROV subsystems. Finally, the study tested the impact of these experimentations and contributes its findings to the knowledge base and courses on engineering manufacturing in the college of engineering at UoH.
To implement Knowledge Management in any organization, some kind of strategy should be focused and this strategy should be linked with the overall strategy to remain competitive in the business. This paper highlights strategy, Knowledge Management, importance of KM, knowledge strategy, KM strategies for Pakistani organizations. From literature review, two dominant strategies were identified as personalization and codification. These two strategies were linked with Porter five forces that shape strategy, Blue Ocean Strategy, Human Resource Management and Information Technology.