The aim of the given work is the investigation of the influence various doses ?- irradiation on the msec-delayed light emission (msec-DLE) acridine orange (AO) in yeast cells. The object of the investigation is the Candida guilliermondii yeast cells. At work was used photometric installation allowing to register msec-DLE. At our investigation work has been studied msec-DLE AO intensity in yeast cells after ?-irradiation of various doses (5 Gy, 20 Gy, 50 Gy, 100 Gy). It was determined that, the kinetic intensity indications of msec-DLE AO change depending on ?-irradiation doses. The investigation of ?- irradiation on msec-DLE AO in cells showed that, msec-DLE AO intensity in cells previously illuminated decreases compared with non irradiated ones and changes the form of induction curve under the influence 5 Gy dose. \nIt was identified that, after ?-irradiation influence on yeast cells at low doses, practically not causing any damage, msec-DLE AO increase . By increasing irradiation doses msec- DLE ANS intensity decreases. It was supposed that, msec-DLE AO and ANS can be used to investigate the influence of biogenic and not biogenic factors of medium in biological systems, and also for biomonitoring of pollution in environmental medium with the aim of early diagnostics.
In this paper, we propose a hybrid mining algorithm based on J48 and Naïve Bayes (NB) for intrusion detection system (IDS). Both J48 and NB are outstanding and efficient classifier for determining classification task in data mining. The goal of our proposed technique is to classify incoming network traffic connection as normal or abnormal (attacks) where each feature vector consists of 41 feature values of network traffic data. Besides our proposed technique also discusses some challenges typically faced in the IDS, such as how to discard redundant features as well as how to reduce the contradictory records from the large training data set. We test the performance of our proposed hybrid technique against those of existing J48, NB and Bayes Net respectively via the detection accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and F-measure. The detection accuracy of 91.36% was obtained through the combination of J48 and NB classifier using sum-rule scheme. The experimental results show that proposed technique achieved considerably better results on the two real benchmark datasets. Hereby it can be said that the combining classifier scheme using sum-rule can deliver better results than using an individual classifier.
Abstract\nIntroduction. There are several agents with mucolytic properties. The main effect of these compounds is related to reduce viscosity of sputum. Seven years ago we observed a lot of children who presented in emergency department of paediatrics that the main symptoms were cough, wheezing, bronchospasm, and sometime reflex vomiting. [17, 18, 19] The intensity and duration of cough and bronchospasm were strongly linked to orally use of carbocysteine. Based on the similarility in pharmacology profile between carbocysteine and acetylcysteine we hypothesed that these symptoms as being adverse drug reactions of carbocysteine. Material and method. Two years ago we noted the same symptoms after use of carbocysteine, acetylcysteine, and ambroxol hydrochloride in children. We tried to establish if a relationship between the use of these three mucolytic drugs and exaggereted cough or/and bronchospasm in children can be done. This time we focused on 220 paediatric subjects receiving one of the three mucolytic drugs: acetylcysteine, carbocysteine or ambroxol or even a combination of these agents. The patients were recorded within a six month period using a special sheet provided by European Medicine Agency. The statistical evaluation was carried out using chi square test. Results and comments. The use for a few days of any of three agents was associated with prolonged coughing, the development of wheezing and even acute asthma episode. By the age subgroup distribution we can emphasize that a significant percentage of children belongs to 1-2 years category (37.73%, 83 cases), folowed by the 3-4 years subgoup (24.09%, 53 cases). Other important aspect regard to use of mucolytic drugs in children is the presence and misuse of those three mentioned drugs in the management of respiratory infections or other respiratory diseases of infants: 38 cases in 0-1 years category. All three mucolytic agents are responsible for admission into the hospital in a great proportion: 43 of 48 admitted children. Conclusions. These drugs elicits an irritating effect on the airways, thus, they should be used with caution in children. In cases of asthma, recurrent wheezing or upper and lower respiratory tract infection the use of N-acetylcysteine, carbocysteine, and ambroxol should be avoided. Orally administered, these agents are relatively well tolerated, but clinical studies in chronic bronchitis, asthma, and bronchiectasis have been disappointing.  Overall, we believe that the use of carbocysteine, N-acetylcysteine, and ambroxol hydrochloride in children exceeds the therapeutic benefit.
Structural failure is one of the concerns of earth scientists in the in the recent time. Most of the building engineers neglect investigation into the subsurface structure prior to construction without taking into cognizance the soil type and its variation which is one of the contributing factors to frequent building collapse in this era. Integrated geophysical methods involving ground magnetic, Very Low Frequency-Electromagnetic (VLF-EM) and Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) were adopted with a view to investigating into the integrity of a reclaimed open dumpsite in Oyo for civil engineering worthiness. Three (3) traverses were occupied for ground magnetic and VLF-EM survey. A total length of 100 m was occupied in each traverse along E-W orientation with inter-station spacing of 10 m. Six (6) VES stations were occupied along two geoelectric profiles in the study area. The ground magnetic study showed magnetic highs and lows both on the profiles and the generated 2-D map. The magnetic highs are competent zones for civil engineering construction while magnetic lows are incompetent zones. The VLF result revealed conductive and non-conductive zones. More than half of the area of study is characterized with conductive signatures. Conductive zones are regarded as the incompetent zones while the non-conductive zones are regarded as competent zones. The VES result showed that the five out of six VES points occupied are underlain with fractured bedrock while only VES 3 showed fresh bedrock. It is concluded that the study area unsuitable for the construction of giant structures.
Atmospheric gases attenuation become a major concern on earth-space path at higher frequencies both uplink and down link at 0.01% unavailability of an average year. Moreover, few studies of non-rainy attenuation have been reported and the statistical analysis is still not clear most especially in West Africa. The meteorological data used in this study is obtained from Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) satellites between 2002 and 2009, while the International Telecommunication Union Radio Propagation Recommendation (ITU-RP 676) model is used to validate and estimate gaseous attenuation for West Africa. The results show on contour map that total atmospheric absorption signal fade attenuation values at C band is between 0.015 to 0.09 dB, Ku band is 0.04 to 0.9 dB, Ka band is 0.04 to 1.4 dB and V band is 0.2 to 3.2 dB respectively for both uplink and downlink frequencies. The results also show consistent increase in attenuation due to gases are higher in the western region than in the southern part of West Africa.
In this paper, a portable system for arrhythmia monitoring with multiple users is implemented. A wearable ECG sensor is used to record ECG signals. Based on these ECG signals, this system can automatically recognize various arrhythmias and alarms if necessary. To precisely estimate the arrhythmias, it is important to find the most suitable features of ECG for each arrhythmia and to find the most efficient classifier to classify the heartbeat cases. This paper will use adaptive features of ECG for various types of arrhythmias and apply Hidden Markov Model (HMM) to arrhythmia classification for getting a precise recognition result. The implemented system can simultaneously recognize various patients’ heartbeats timely at sleep or at daylight both indoor and outdoor. This system can also alarm the patients themselves, their families and some medical personnel when the emergent case occurs.
With the increasing population growth around over 150 million with the growing economy, globally, the demand for fresh water and power is also accelerating rapidly. With the above statement, Pakistan is a power and energy deficit country. Besides that, Pakistan system policy planners have a substantial concern about water and power to meet the demand of the population along the countryside. As well, the global warming issue is the enormous threat which may cause sea side by side along with more water flow from glaciers through rivers. The hydro power plant usually generates power by utilizing water flowing from higher position to the lower position, and at the end, the water requires to pass through the dams such as Mangla and Tarbella dams established in Pakistan, without any attention for other purposes or not. However, in this article a groundbreaking approach is offered for Pakistan Government in order to produce the electricity just employing on standing water at the cheaper rate as compared to other renewable sources. In this paper, a proposed model can be implemented at coastal line of Pakistan which is approx. more than 1000 km. The main theme of this paper is to establish a small wind-hydro power plant system for kWh generation with recycling of the same water without vesting the fresh water. This technique can be employed from windy areas only in order to use the wind turbines for electricity generation through hydro power plant with good reliability.